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The Aberdeen Times
Aberdeen , Idaho
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December 25, 2019     The Aberdeen Times
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December 25, 2019
 

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..Page 10 December 25, 2019 ‘Continued from page 9 you have a good Christ- mas. From Your Friend, Cinthia ‘ lara Dear Santa, ‘ How are you doing? Is it always jolly for you atf-the North Pole? How old are you? And I don’t want to catch you. Santa, I also want a new bike cause mine isn’t working good. Thanks if I could get a new bike and know how old you are. Have a safe trip. From, Christian Jackson Aberdeen police report Dec. 12 ‘A person reported a lost dog. The dog was a German Shepherd, female puppy that has a baby blue collar. It had no tags and was not chipped and last seen near the residence. A fire was reported. They didn’t know what was on fire but could see 15 foot flames. . Dec. 13 An accident occurred when a vehicle slid off the , road into a field. Dec. 14 Officers were out with a parking violation at the school. A complaint was made about parking at an area business. ‘ Dec. 15 A person reported they believed the neighbors were abusing and neglect- ing their dogs. They are al- ways kept in the cold and always left in their cages. The report was unfounded. A person reported there was an aggressive dog on their property. It belongs Create a festive centerpiece from your indoor and outdoor garden by Melinda Myers Take a break from the holiday rush for a bit of gardening relief. Grab THIS WEEK’S WEATHER : FROM THE PAST Records, averages and high precipitation for each day of the week Wednesday, Dec. 25 Normal Temperatures High -— 34 Low 18 ‘ Record Temperatures 1906 High 54 I 1924 Low -21 ’ Record Precipitation 1916 .50 inches Sunrise Sunset 8:00 am. 5:03 pm. Thursday, Dec. 26. i Narmal Temperatures i "High 34 Low -- 16 1 Record Temperatures 1917 High -- 57 I 1924 Low -20 Record Precipitation 1907 1.00 inches Sunrise, Sunset 8:01 am. 5:03 pm. .1 Friday, Dec. 27 1 Normal Temperatures High -- 34 Low -- 17 Record Temperatures 1980 High 62 l 1904 Low -- -9 Record Precipitation 2006 ~ .39 inches Sunrise Sunset 8:01 am. 5:04 pm. Saturday, Dec. 28 , Normal Temperatures ‘ High 34 Low 17 ’ Record Temperatures 1906 High -- 58 " 1954 Low -10 Record Precipitation 1915 .95 inches Sunrise Sunset 8:01 am. 5:05 pm. Sunday, Dec. 29 ;..Normal Temperatures giiigh 33 Low —— 17 fiw—‘—_—__ . :Record Temperatures 1917 High -— 55 2:: 1913 Low “-14. . :Z'ZRecord Precipitation 1:: 1923 .79inches 3:: Sunrise Sunset 1:28:02 am. 5:06 pm. :3: Monday, Dec. 30 :Normal Temperatures z: High -- 32 Low -- 17 lgRecord Temperatures 1917 High -- 54 1990 ' 'Low--—15 .1;Record Precipitation if 1981 .66 inches Sunrise , Sunset 33:02 am. 5:06 pm. Tuesday, Dec. 31 fiflormal Temperatures :fligh 32 Low -- 16 I; 1917 High —— 55 '2 1915 Low —— -21 ' Record Precipitation :3 2005 .81 inches Sunrise Sunset 8:02 am. 5:07 pm. _— ’ t a pruner and basket then wander through your land- scape gathering a few ever- green branches, berry-laden stems and cones to create a holiday centerpiece. Most gardeners are used to walking into their summer garden collecting blossoms to create a bou- quet or arrangement for their summer parties. Win- ter should be no exception.» Start by gathering some greens. The fan-like sprays . of arborvitae, blue- green sprigs of juniper and stems of other evergreens like yews, boxwood, pines, and spruCes provide all the greenery you’ll need. Now look for items iwith interesting color or shapes. Red and yellow twig dogwoods, curly wil- low, contorted filbert and fantail willow provide in- teresting color and form. Next, gather cones, berries and fruits such as rose hips, the blue berry- like cones of junipers, sweet gum seedpods, al- der’s cone-like fruit, and of course evergreen cones as substitutes for summer blooms. Don’t overlook purple coneflower, black berry lily, penstemon and oth- er seed heads and pods. Fluffy seed heads of orna- mental and native grasses make nice fillers. All these make beautiful additions to any arrangement and can be painted or glittered- for some added glitz. And don’t be afraid to add a few shiny ornaments for a bit of holiday flare. Look for decorating possibilities that your in- door garden can provide.- Dress up small plants to create a centerpiece and larger plants to provide a bit of seasonal color and decor. Stop by your favorite florist or garden center and purchase a few water picks and cut flowers. Place the cut flowers in the picks and sink them into the pots of your favorite houseplants. This adds some color and seasonal interest to any green plant. Consider creating a changeable houseplant container. Plant several compatible indoor plants in a large container. Sink a small empty pot in the space where you want to create a focal point. Set a small pot- ted flowering plant inside this empty one. Replace the flowering plant pcca— sionally to freshen up the container garden or create a seasonal display. Mini- ature poinsettias, azaleas, African violets and cycla— men allow you to change out the display throughout the year and for any special occasion. Make it even easier to change the display by fill- ing a large basket with a collection of potted house- plants and flowering plants: Switch out the flowers as they fade and foliage plants as the holidays, your mood or the decor changes. Use‘silk flowers, glit- tery spikes and deéorative ornaments to add a splash of color and sparkle to your indoor garden as needed. Exchange these for red, pink and white hearts on Valentine’s Day, COIOI‘? ful Easter eggs, or faux fall leaves as the seasons change. 8 Once you’ve created your first arrangement, . you’ll be looking for addi- tional opportunities to cre- ate more. And as you plan this year’s garden, consider growing more plants that can be used to dress up your dinner table and other rooms in your home. Melinda Myers has written numerous books, including Small Space Gar- dening. Myers is a column- ist and contributing editor for Birds Blooms maga- zine and her web site is www. Mel indaMyers. com. Festive centerpieces Festive homemade centerpieces add a personal touch to holiday gatherings. Photo courtesy Melinda Myers, LLC. *** It is an. axiom in political science that unless a peo- ple are educated and enlightened it is idle to expect the continuance of civil liberty Or the capacity for self—govemment. --- Texasm Declaration of Independence . *** to the neighbors. A warn- ing was issued to the dog owners. Dec. 16 A runaway was report- ed. Officers were out with a vehicle that was aban- doned and creating a haz- ard. If not moved it would be towed. A juvenile was discov- ered with drug parapherna— . lia at the school. An animal complaint was made. Officers were unable to locate the ani- mal. An accident occurred when a vehicle slid ofi the roadway. There were no in- juries. A civil complaint was made about someone that was out of the county. Dec. 17 Aberdeen. Police De- partment assisted another agency locate an individual that needed to go to the hospital. ’ . A gas leak occurred when the main gas line go- ing into a home was broken while doing construction. A parking violation warning was issued at the school. , Dec. 18 Assistance was re- quested and assigned to an officer. A man requested to speak to an officer regard- ing his neighbor’s barking dog. by Mark Puleo AccuWeather staff writer Alaska- is accustomed to being the distant, ex- tended family member of the contiguous 48 states, confined to a side table with its own unique weath- er patterns as the lower 48 get to share climates with their neighbors. But after spending its first few decades known as the cold in-law of the Unit- ed States, Alaska spent its 60th birthday year trying to warm up. i For all of 2019, resi- dents of The Last Frontier can be excused for thinking they might have relocated the Midwest or Northeast. In a state where the average monthly highs range from 13.4 degrees Fahrenheit (in January) to 58.6 F (in July) during a typical year in Nome, some notable anomalies were recorded in 2019. This year saw single- day highs reach 33 F in January and 83 in July in v Neme. A prolonged heat wave gripped Alaska in July, sending temperatures in some places across the state surging above 90 and shattering records that had stood since the 19205. Both May and June saw daily high temperatures reach the Dr. Universe Evergreens are always green Dr. Universe: Why are evergreen trees green all year? —- Emily, 10, Silverdale, Wash. Dear Emily, Whenever I go for a hike in the woods, I can’t help but admire the tall evergreen trees. No matter what time of year it is, the pines, hemlocks, cedars, and spruces are usually all green. My fiiend Bert Cregg is also very curious about the lives of trees. He graduated from Washington State Univer- sity and is a professor at Michigan State University. Cregg told me that evergreens have lots of needles, which are their leaves. We have even seen some trees, such as bristlecone pines, that have had the same needles, for more than 16 years. Each tiny needle on a great big evergreen is working hard to make food for the tree. It'all happens through a process called photosynthesis. Here’s how it works: The tree’s needles contain something called chlorophyll that gives them their green color. But the chlorophyll also has another important job. The chlorophyll absorbs sunlight which the tree can use to turn carbon dioxide from the air and water into sugars. It is these sugars that help the tree grow ,and stay green. But while some trees, such as maples, stop doing pho- tosynthesis in the colder months, evergreens keep on pho- tosynthesizing (pho-toe-synth-uh-size-ing). In addition to sugars, evergreen trees also need something called mineral nutrients to help them grow. In fact, humans also need mineral nutrients, such as calcium, potassium, and iron to help them grow. But while humans get their nutrients from food, trees get a let of their own kinds of nutrients from the soil. Cregg said that evergreens are really good at living in cold places where there aren’t a lot of nutrients in the soil. “Once you have worked hard to take up those nutri- ents,” Cregg said, “you want to hang on them.” . Evergreens store up all those nutrients and can use the through the winter months. These types of trees are also good at storing up Water in their needles which can help them stay green, too. The nutrients help trees to do all kinds of things, includ- ing go through photosynthesis. But I also found out that some even evergreens do lose at least some of their green color. We might see some of their needles at the bottom of the tree start to turn orange. That means those needles are at the end of their lifespan. “They drop their needles but they don’t do it all at one time,” Cregg said. We have quite a lot of evergreen trees in Washington state, as you can tell from the state’s nickname “The Ever- green State.” The next time you look up to an evergreen, think about how each little needle is doing the job of keep- ing the tree green and growing. What kinds of evergreen tree species are growing in your state or neighborhood? Can ‘ you find some of their needles or pinecones Or do you have other kinds of trees in your part of the world? Tell us about what you see some time at Dr.Universe@wsu.edu. Sincerely, Dr. Universe Ask Dr. Universe is a science-education project from , Washington State University. Send in a question of your own at askDrUniverse.wsu.edu/ask. high 70s on numerous oc- casions in the barren city. Rick Thoman, an Alas- ka Climate Specialist at the University of Alaska Fair- banks, told AccuWeather that increasing sea-surface temperatures are to blame for the warming trend. “Very low sea ice near Alaska and persistent above-normal sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) are major contributors to the ongoing warmth,” Thoman said. “Atmos'pherically, ridging in the northeast Pa- cific has been persistent, so for most of Alaska except the Panhandle, that means lots of southerly wind on the west side of the ridge.” According to record- ings taken by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Anchorage experienced its warmest year to date in the range from January to November. From the first month through December 11, the state has experi- enced an average tempera— ture of 34.5 F, the warmest 11-month stretch of aver- age temperature and 6.5 degrees F above the mean. With records dating back to 1925, the first 11 months of 2019 just barely exceed the warmth of 20 1 6, when average temperatures for the year reached 34.2 F. Five of the past six years — 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018 and 2019 ~— all rank in the top six for warmest years on record in Alaska. November was apartic- ularly warm month for An- chorage, Kodiak, Homer, and Cold Bay, all of which experienced the warmest November on record. For an extended period over the summer, sustained high temperatures resulted in the state’s longest heat wave in Anchorage. On July 4, the city topped 90 degrees for the first time ever. As anAlaskan, Thoman said the changes have cre- ated more socioeconomic challenges beyond just causing people to switch their attire to sliort sleeves. “Alaska is built for the cold. Anchorage set a December record high on Monday, and schools were closed. Why? Fifty degrees turned roads into skating rinks,” Thoman said, refer- ring to the 51-degree high temperature the NWS re- corded in Anchorage on, Monday, Dec. 9, a mark that broke the old record of i 48 that was set in 1992 and tied in 1999 and 2005. The warmup caused snow to melt and created ‘ hazardous conditions on roadways, which prompted the school district to cancel classes on Monday. “In addition, the mild air that caused the rapid snowmelt triggered freez- ing fog in the area, which lowered visibility to one- eighth of a mile,” Accu- Weather Senior Meteorolo- gist Alex Sosnowski said. “Rapid ecosystem changes in the Bering sea Visit The Times online' at: www.press-times.com for news, sports, obituaries, legals,classifieds 8: more. ' What happens when America’s coldest state starts warming up? in 201 8-19 have people and fishing industries scram- bling,” Thoman continued. He added that the warm- ing trend is responsible for a “terrible whaling sea- son at thiagvik,” the city formerly known as Bar- row. He also attributed the warm weather to a wildfire season that “cost the state a lot of money, cost individu- als homes and business and untold delays and hard- ship.” ‘ Indeed, the ‘wildfire season in Alaska was more destructive than any other in the state’s history. Ac- cording to state and federal officials, more than $300 million was spent battling the blazes. Burning over 2.68 million acres, accord- ing to the Alaska Interagen— cy Coordination Center, fire officials said throughout the summer that sustained hot temperatures fueled the blazes. The Swan Lake Fire, which was 2019’s largest wildfire in all of the US,- blazed 167,164 acres of centraLAlaska. What may have been a normal, month- long fire in any other year turned into a six-month battle when warm weather, breezy winds and a drought stunted firefighting efforts. “Fire continues to be active throughout the day as temperatures climb into the 903,” the Northwest Incident Management Team said about the wild- fire in the July 6 update. “Fine fuel moistures have reached critically low lev- els and fuels normally re- sistant to fire are becoming more available to burn.” The strain on the fish- ing and whaling industries has been linked to ocean acidification from an in- crease in atmospheric car- bon dioxide concentration, according to “Alaska’s Changing EnVironment,” a publication by Thoman and the International Arctic Re- search Center. “ In the piece, Thoman explains how higher tem- peratures have fueled “ma- rine heat waves” in the Bering Sea and have thus removed the ‘cold pool’ of water that usually serves as . a barrier to the migration of certain species. “As atmospheric car- bon dioxide concentrations increase, the ocean absorbs the additional C02, leading to a decrease in pH,” the publication stated. “Ocean acidification poses major risks to marine ecosystems, and the risks are especially high in polar regions, be- cause C02 dissolves more readily in cold water Because Ocean acidificaa tion threatens commercial fishing and subsistence ac- tivities in Alaska, the asso- ciated risks were recently mapped.” As the hottest year in state history .comes to a close, many climate spe~ cialists like Thoman are telling Alaskans that this may be the new normal. To Alaskans, the chang- es in temperature . have been severe. To Thoman, the changing patterns have even impacted the way he does his job. “2019 is the sixth year of frequent extremes in and around Alaska,” Thoman said. “It’s exhausting to work on seemingly nothing but extreme, high-impact events and keep putting them in context of how un- usual it all is.” 1’